Delving Deep into the Mind of Pablo Picasso: A Comprehensive Examination of the Cubist Movement


The art world has been revolutionized over time by numerous incredible artists, and among these names, Pablo Picasso stands out as a towering figure. This Spanish painter, known for being one of the fathers of Cubism, has left an indelible mark on art history. This article goes behind the scenes to uncover the intricacies of Picasso’s Cubist years and his unmistakable legacy.

Unveiling a New Genre: Picasso’s Introduction to Cubism

The dawn of the 20th century saw art take a dramatic turn, led by Picasso and his colleague Georges Braque. This fresh genre, described as Cubism, challenged traditional perspectives by portraying objects from multiple viewpoints simultaneously. Picasso’s fondness for non-traditional approaches and constant search for originality played vital roles in the emergence of this innovative art style.

The Catalyst of the Cubist Movement: Les Demoiselles d’Avignon

Picasso’s journey to Cubism began with the iconic painting ‘Les Demoiselles d’Avignon‘. Despite the initial outcry from critics and the public, this provocative masterpiece set the stage for the advent of Cubism. It shattered conventional notions of beauty and form, ushering in an era where painting could symbolize thought.

Analytic Cubism: Breaking Down Traditional Barriers

In the early years, Picasso’s Cubist work, often termed Analytic Cubism, dissected objects into fragmented forms seen from multiple angles. This style was driven by a desire to delve into the subject’s inherent essence rather than presenting a conventional realistic portrayal. Picasso’s works, such as ‘Girl with a Mandolin’ and ‘Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler’, beautifully exemplify this approach.

Synthetic Cubism: Piecing Together a New Artistic Language

Post-1912, Picasso shifted gears and embraced Synthetic Cubism, a stark departure from the previous dissective style. This phase was characterized by compositions with simpler shapes and bright colours, where Picasso toyed with the concept of constructed sculpture and collage. Masterpieces like ‘Guitar’ and ‘Still Life with Chair Caning’ stand as testaments to this radical style.

The Impact of Cubism on Pablo Picasso’s Personal Style

Picasso’s exploration of Cubism significantly altered his artistic trajectory. Cubist techniques allowed him to dismantle and reassemble reality, going beyond the confines of the single-perspective view. In doing so, he unearthed a profound, philosophical approach to capturing the world around him.

Legacy of Picasso’s Cubism: A Milestone in Art History

Cubism, as pioneered by Picasso, is much more than a mere art movement. It constitutes a groundbreaking philosophical and aesthetic perspective that revolutionized both high-culture art and popular aesthetic sensibilities. Moreover, Cubism nurtured subsequent avant-garde art movements, affirming Picasso’s Cubism as an enduring cornerstone in the history of art.


Pablo Picasso’s venture into Cubism marked a watershed moment in the art world. His daring to deconstruct traditional norms, coupled with his innovative spirit, laid the groundwork for future artists to broaden their palettes beyond the confines of conventional realism. Hence, Picasso’s Cubism remains a shining beacon in art, illuminating the path forward through its groundbreaking vision and timeless influence.

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